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Posted April 16th, 2010, 6:30 am
I tried to avoid giving Jadeite a surname, but I figure he'd need one to be at school. I toyed with giving all the Shitennou the surname Chiba, but that gives the weird impression they're all related, so I decided against it. I also considered basing their names off their gemstones, but that didn't end up working (not enough variety since they're all just different kinds of jade). Eventually I decided on something that is maybe not very creative but definitely ties in better with the Sailor Moon canon.
The Shitennou are based loosely on the Buddhist Shitennou, which are each associated with a cardinal direction. So the surnames I settled on are a cardinal direction followed by 野, "field", pronounced "no". This is the same kanji at the end of the Inners' surnames, and phonetically, it makes their names a pun. So "南野" or "Minamino" literally means "South Field", but it sounds identical to "Of the South". So Minamino Jadeite sounds like "Jadeite of the South". This is the same way that the girls' names are puns ("Hino Rei" sounds like "Rei of Fire", etc.) Problem is, the directions associated with each Shitennou in Sailor Moon is contentious. Personally, I've used the colour association from the early manga and the 90s anime, since that's what I also went with in 4KH. That means Jadeite is red→Zochoten→South, Nephrite is yellow/orange→Komokuten→West, Zoisite is green→Jikokuten→East, and Kunzite is silver/blue→Tamonten→North.
So, their surnames are:
Jadeite: 南野 [Minamino] Literal: "South Field" Phonetic: "Of the South"
Nephrite: 西野 [Nishino] Literal: "West Field" Phonetic: "Of the West"
Zoisite: 東野 [Higashino] Literal: "East Field" Phonetic: "Of the East"
Kunzite: 北野 [Kitano] Literal: "North Field" Phonetic: "Of the North"
These names are HEAVILY inspired by i1976blunotte's headcanons, but the colour/Shitennou/direction assignment is taken from sailor-scribbles's analysis.
Another headcanon is that the Shitennou come from (or... are close enough to coming from, since they're not entirely human, at least in 4KH) the places their Hi Stones are found in the game Sailor Moon: Another Story. There's a lot of canon-adjacent Shitennou filler in that game, but without getting into it, that would make Jadeite Nepalese, Zoisite Swiss, Nephrite Canadian, and Kunzite Turkish. So within the canon of 4KH, they identify as being (all or part) these ethnicities while living as humans in Japan.